The various metal crystals embedded in the PXD Mobichip consist of atoms with positively charged cores and negatively charged electrons.

An atom's core consists of positively charged protons, and neutrons that bind the protons together. The electrons are found in a number of layers surrounding the core.

Every atom from these metal crystals consists of a positively charged core and protons, neutrons and electrons. Protons and neutrons are found inside the core, while electrons (which are negatively charged) are found in the electron layers surrounding the core. The electron layers have different energy levels. The inner layer has the lowest energy level, while the outer layer has the highest. Illustrated below are the atomic structures of Copper (Cu) and Tin (Sn):

Copper (Cu)

29 protons
29 electrons
35 neutrons
Energy levels

1st level - 2 electrons
2st level - 8 electrons
3st level - 18 electrons
4st level - 1 electrons
Tin (Sn)

50 protons
50 electrons
69 neutrons
Energy levels

1st level - 2 electrons
2st level - 8 electrons
3st level - 18 electrons
4st level - 18 electrons
5st level - 4 electrons

Every metal crystal has a certain number of energy levels and a certain number of electrons per energy level.

When energy is added to an atom, perhaps by the electromagnetic radiation emitted by your phone, electrons go into an elevated energy state (higher level). The electrons go into a so-called ‘exited state' during which they become unstable.

Since this elevated level is not an electron's natural position, it tends retreat to its original position in its original level with its original energy. As it retreats, it discharges extra energy in the form of a photon. This causes emission of electromagnetic radiation. The frequency of the emitted radiation is different to the frequency which initially agitated the electron.


As soon as the energy from the electromagnetic radiation emitted by the mobile phone encounters the electrons embedded in the PXD Mobichip, the electrons go into a state of heightened energy. Once these electrons return to their original state, they release their surplus energy. According to the Bohr model of the atom, this process is called “the emission of radiant energy”.

When this process occurs, the broadcast radiation combines with the phone's radiation and the result is so-called destructive interference which ensures that the electromagnetic radiation emitted by the mobile phone becomes harmless. Anti noise cancellation and holography are both based on the interference phenomenon. (Holograms are often found on banknotes.)

Interference can apply to electromagnetic waves, sound waves, water waves, etc. Elementary particles also display interference patterns, emphasising the wave character of those particles. This scientific phenomenon forms the basis for quantum mechanics.


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